The Helper, The Holy Spirit

In our last study, we ended with the question “Is the Holy Spirit a person?” A series of passages in the Gospel of John chapters fourteen to sixteen would seem to indicate that this is true. Jay and Tim dig a little deeper, discovering Old Testament parallels that reveal who Jesus is referring to when he mentions sending “The Helper, the Holy Spirit…”

Key verse:

“But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you.” John 14:26


  1. Introduction
  2. The Gender of the Holy Spirit
    1. Neuter in Greek, feminine in Hebrew, male in Latin – Does it matter? We have to be careful with grammar in other languages.
    2. The spirit is used in many ways – but why in some passages is it personified like it can be lied to (Acts 5:3), resisted (Acts 7:51) or grieved (Eph. 4:30)?
    3. There is a Spirit of God the Father and a Spirit of the Son but there is one passage in particular where the Spirit is personified in the masculine gender separately from the Father and Son.
  3. The Helper of John 14-16
    1. The Parakletos (par-ak’-lay-tos) in John 14-16, The Helper (ESV, NKJV, NASB), Comforter (KJV), Advocate (NIV, NET, NLT) (14:16-18, 26; 15:26; 16:7, 13)
    2. The angels = ministering spirits (Heb. 1:13-14)
    3. Old Testament comparisons (Ex. 23:20-22; Isa. 63:9-11)
    4. Jesus and the angels (1 Pet. 3:22; Rev. 1:1-2)
    5. Angels and Spirit in the Acts (Acts 8:26, 29)
  4. Conclusion

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