The Father, Son and Holy Spirit

In our continuing studies on the Spirit, Jay Mayock is back to talk with me about the relationship between God the Father, his Son the Lord Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit. This is popularly known as the Trinity but since that word is not in the Bible we are going to need a little help from some historical creeds to get a definition. From there we open our Bibles, comparing the creeds to what the Scriptures teach us about the Godhead.

Key verse:

“There is one body and one Spirit—just as you were called to the one hope that belongs to your call—one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all.” (Ephesians 4:4-6)


  1. Introduction
    1. Jewish belief – One God – Monotheism
    2. The popular belief of Christianity – The Trinity
  2. The Trinity defined by the Creeds
    1. Apostle’s Creed (Old Roman)
    2. Nicene Creed
    3. The Trinity would be a radical new teaching for Jews. Where is it taught in the Bible? (Acts 2:22)
  3. The Spirit in relation to the Father and Son
    1. One Spirit… One Lord… One God and Father (Eph. 4:4-6 cp. 1 Cor. 8:6-7).
    2. The Spirit sanctifies (1 Peter 1:2; 2 Thess. 2:13-14; 1 Cor. 6:11) = The word of truth sanctifies (John 17:17; Eph. 5:26)
    3. Thus, the Spirit is important in baptism (Matt. 28:19)
    4. The Spirit of God and Christ in us (Rom. 8:9-11; Gal. 4:6)
  4. Cliff hanger – But what about the passages where the Spirit is personified as the Helper?

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