The Spirit of Man

Tom Colby joins Tim Young in our continuing studies on the Spirit by looking at the basics of the spirit in relation to mankind.

Key verse “I said in my heart with regard to the children of man that God is testing them that they may see that they themselves are but beasts.  For what happens to the children of man and what happens to the beasts is the same; as one dies, so dies the other. They all have the same breath, and man has no advantage over the beasts, for all is vanity.” Ecclesiastes 3:18-19

  1. Introduction
    1. Definition from previous podcast on the spirit of God
    2. Ruach & Pneuma -> wind, breath, life, word, mind, attitudes
  2. The Breath of Life
    1. 2:7 – the power that gives life
    2. 7:21-23 – All creatures have the spirit or breath of life
    3. 3:18-21 – All die and go to the same place
  3. Mind/Attitude
    1. The spirit can be broken, grieved, fervent, etc.
    2. 4:12 expresses the heart, emotions or attitude
    3. Eph 4:22-23 spirit based in mind
    4. 51:17 a broken spirit (heart) is what God requires
  4. What happens to the spirit when we die?
    1. The spirit goes back to God (Ecc. 12:7; Job 34:14-15)
    2. The example of Jesus (Luke 23:46 cp. Psa. 31:5)
    3. Psalm 146:3-5 – No more thoughts
  5. Conclusion

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The Spirit of God

Jay and Tim begin this season’s conversation of the Spirit by covering verses that show the Spirit being the creative power of God with a moral emphasis. An understanding which brings us to the conscience reality that our Creator is ever present.

Key Verse:

Genesis 1:1-2  “In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.” 


  1. Introduction
  2. Definitions
    1. Genesis 1:2 – First occurrence
    2. Ruach & Pneuma -> wind, breath, life, word, mind, attitudes
    3. John 3:8 – The Spirit as wind
  3. Power with a Moral Emphasis
    1. Psalm 33:6 – The word of the Lord
    2. Luke 1:35; 3:22 – The Spirit at Christ’s birth and baptism
    3. Genesis 1:2 -> Deut. 32:11-12 The hovering spirit
  4. The Presence of God
    1. God dwells in heaven (1 Tim. 6:16), but he fills heaven and earth (Jer. 23:24).
    2. Psalm 139:7 – God is everywhere present by his Spirit
    3. We live and move in him (Acts 17:28; 1 Cor. 8:6; Rom. 11:36)
    4. Practicing the presence of God
  5. Conclusion


Welcome to a new season of the Essential Bible Studies podcast. In this first episode of season six Steven Macfarlane and Tim Young talk about the vast subject of forgiveness in the Bible.

Why Forgive?

  • Part of who God is – Ex 34:6-7; Num 14:18 “God is forgiveness”
  • Part of the example of Jesus – 1 Pet 2:23
  • Ultimate Example – Forgive them, for they know not what they do – Lk 23:33-34
  • Condition of God’s forgiveness to us – Mt 6:14-15
  • Eph 4:30-32 – forgiving one another, as God in Christ forgave you
  • We all sin – Jn 8:7
  • So others will forgive us – golden rule James 2:8
  • Only response to God’s forgiveness – Col 3:12-15

Principles of Forgiveness:

  1. Faith – Gal 3:6 (believe God forgives us) – Heb 11:6
    • Helps lift the burden of guilt/shame
  2. Repent – Acts 2:38 (change)
    • Recognize sin, confess sin, change
    • Repent is changing…but not our ways, our thinking. That’s the definition of the word ‘the think differently or afterwards’ – from ‘meta’ – to transfer (metamorphosis) + ‘noieo’ – the mind
    • Conviction & Conduct (Islip Collyer) – ‘every deliberate act is the outcome of deliberate thought, and it therefore follows that control of thought must lie at the root of all reform’
    • Back to the garden – forgiveness didn’t mean there was no consequences for sin (Gen 3:16-19); Forgiveness is based on repentance (3:21)
  3. Forgiving Attitude – Mk 11:26 (forgive others)

Why is Forgiveness so Difficult:

  • We’re hurt – solution: time, suffer ourselves to be defrauded (emotionally)
  • What we struggle with is harder to forgive in others – solution: God forgave our fault/struggle
  • Makes us vulnerable – solution…exactly. This is the solution!
  • “To forgive is to set a prisoner free, and discover the prisoner was you.” Colin Attridge (Fruit of the Spirit)
  • Mt 12:34 – forgiveness we think is outward, we say it, we show it…but out of the heart, the mouth speaks – forgiveness if really inward focused. We can say things and not mean them…then not truly forgiving someone.

How do we Forgive?

  1. No discussion – unintentional offence, little consequence, minor
  2. Two-Way communication – danger of repeating offence, affects our faith, sin through ignorance (Mt 18:15)
  3. With witnesses – Mt 18:16 – if not responding to v15

Forgiveness is…

  1. Being aware of what was wrong, and choosing to forgive
    • Not keeping a record of it (story of Moms little black book)
    • Not punishing, but being merciful (Lk 6:36)
  2. Unlimited and immediate – Lk 17:3-4. Don’t demand anything back, don’t expect anything back, don’t hope for anything back (Lk 6:35) — Keep forgiving…forever. Pray for them.

Additional Verses:

  • Col 3:12-13 – so you also must forgive
  • Matt 6:9-15 – as we also have forgiven our debtors – Christ spoke often of forgiveness
  • Rom 12:17-19 – vengeance is mine, I will repay, says the Lord
  • Psa 103:11-12 – as far as the east is from the west, so far does he remove our transgressions from us
  • 2 Cor 5:18-19 – Message of reconciliation…
  • 1 Cor 13:4-5 – Love is not resentful…keeps no record of wrongs


Testimony and Reflections Season 5

Jacob and his wife Cayla had just bought a new house and it was moving day. There was so much to look forward to on a bright and beautiful summer morning… and then tragedy struck. Jacob recalls the accident, the need for faith to endure through trial and the powerful hand of God through it all.

Key verse: “It is of the LORD’S mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not. They are new every morning: great is thy faithfulness.” Lamentations 3:22-23

The Work of the Angels

The Bible mentions angels at work from Genesis to Revelation. What are they doing? Turns out they’re doing a lot. Jay joins Tim to summarize the important role that the angels fulfill to bring about God’s will.

Theme Verse – Psalm 103:20

“Bless the LORD, ye his angels, that excel in strength, that do his commandments, hearkening unto the voice of his word.”

Re-cap from “Equal unto the Angels”

  • Why study angels? (Luke 20:35-36)
  • They represent and reveal God – “God manifestation”. They bear his name (Exodus 23:20-21)
  • We are made in the image of God/Elohim/angels (Genesis 1:26 cp. Heb. 2:7)

What they are called

  • Angels, ministers, eyes, watchers (2Ch. 16:9; Da. 4:17)
  • Destroyers (1Co. 10:10), flaming fire (Heb. 1:7)… burning bush (Ex. 4)

How they do it

  • Visibly – Abraham, Jacob, Exodus, Canaan, Daniel, birth and resurrection of Christ, book of Revelation
  • Invisibly – through most of history, even our day (Hebrews 13:2; Dan. 5)

What they are doing

  • Ministering to the heirs of salvation (Heb. 1:14)
    • Guardian angels (Matt. 18:10; Gen. 28:12; 48:15-16; Psa. 34:7)
    • Rejoice when men and women repent from their sins (Luke 15:10)
  • Obediently carry out the will of God (Psalm 103:20)
    • Strength is a notable characteristic: Elohim, inexhaustible energy, read thoughts, blind or destroy armies, reveal certain future events, help the faithful (ESV Psalm 103:20)
    • They are limited in knowledge (Mark 13:32, 1 Peter 1:11)
    • Evil angels are not morally evil, but bring about the judgments of God – ex. wilderness wanderings, Assyrian army (2 Kings 19:35; Psa. 78:49 “destroying angel”; Ex. 12:23)
  • Directing the affairs of the nations
    • Through their work, God exercises His dominion over the kingdoms of the earth (Psalm 103:19, Da. 4:17->Dan. 10)
    • Jesus Christ now has the authority to command all these beings (Mat. 28:18; 2 Thess. 1:7-8)

Lessons for Us Today

  • Today, the immortal heavenly angels follow the commands of Jesus Christ, working faithfully behind the scenes, invisibly preparing the earth for his return. They are involved in setting up and taking down governments, just as they were in the book of Daniel.
  • They also minister in more personal ways, working invisibly, but powerfully, to help the heirs of salvation.
  • We believe that great salvation is coming soon.

The Problem with Pride

A big part of what God’s word warns us about is pride. There is a problem with pride especially if it goes unnoticed in our lives. Join Steve and Tim as they highlight some of the key passages in the Bible about this particular sin and how to overcome it.

Key Verse: “For thus says the One who is high and lifted up, who inhabits eternity, whose name is Holy: “I dwell in the high and holy place, and also with him who is of a contrite and lowly spirit, to revive the spirit of the lowly, and to revive the heart of the contrite.”
Isaiah 57:15


  • Words and terms – arrogance, presumptuous, haughty, lifted up, puffed up, conceited, boasting
  • Opposite – humility, modesty, abase, make low, lowliness, contrite, broken heart

God’s assessment of pride

  • He hates it (Prov. 6:16-17) therefore so should we (Prov. 8:13)
  • Judgment because of pride (Prov. 16:18; Mal. 4:1; Isa. 2:12,17)
  • Key aspect of the flesh (Mark 7:20-22; 1 John 2:16; 2 Tim. 3:1-2)

The problem with pride

  • Pride is prevalent when God is not (Psa. 10:4).
  • Blocks our relationship with God by making us forgetful (Hos. 13:4-6)
  • Considers self more than God or others (Ezek. 16:49; Psa. 10:2)
  • Creates contention (Prov. 13:10)
  • Opposite of faith (Hab. 2:4)

Recognizing pride in ourselves and our lives

  • Individually – The love of praise (John 12:43), self-righteousness (Luke 18:9,14), lofty self-sufficiency (James 4:16)
  • Collectively – Nationalism, patriotism, racism, human rights, sports

The antidotes – the frame of mind needed, humility

  • God is big, we are small (Gen. 18:27; Psa. 8:4; Ecc. 5:2)
  • The servant mind set (Luke 17:10), being thankful
  • Being Kingdom seekers, not of this world (1 Chr. 29:11-14ff)

God is the one who exalts

  • If we try to do it ourselves God will oppose us (James 4:6; 1 Peter 5:5-6)
  • The greatest example in Jesus (Phil. 2:5-9)

Final conclusion

In Remembrance (Part 2) – The Cup

During the last supper, Jesus gathered with his disciples and shared bread and wine with them in a very significant way. He declared that the bread represented his body and the cup of wine his blood. This meal was not just a one time event but something Jesus commanded his disciples to do often. Nick and Tim continue the study by looking closely at the symbology of the cup and the importance of the new covenant.

Study aids

Bread & Wine Parallel Records Handout

Bread & Wine Summary Handout

Key verse

“In the same way also he took the cup, after supper, saying, “This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.””
1 Corinthians 11:25

Cup of Wine

Cup symbolizes ones portion or lot in life (Psalm 16:5; Psalm 11:6)

The word “wine” is never used… cup or fruit of the vine.

New Covenant

Christ said, this cup is the new covenant in my blood.

The book of the law was the book of the covenant (Ex 24)

But there was a problem, with the old covenant it could not save.  Gal 3:11,21

The new covenant was then established in Faith and could offer salvation. Heb 8:7-13

This cup of wine therefore spoke of this new covenant that could save and provide forgiveness of sins.

How was it possible?

Christ said, new covenant “in my blood”

Blood in scripture represents life Lev. 17:11-14. Could not eat blood under the law.

Christ lived a perfect life of obedience 1 Peter 2:21-24 cp. 1 Peter 1:19 “precious blood of Jesus Christ.”

Thereby we have forgiveness of sins 1 John 1:7 for it cleanses or purifies the conscience.

However not available to all

Must be in Christ Gal. 3:14

How? By baptism Gal. 3:27

Share in fellowship

1 Cor. 10:16

Fellowship with God Eph. 2:13

In Remembrance (Part 1) – The Bread

During the last supper, Jesus gathered with his disciples and shared bread and wine with them in a very significant way. He declared that the bread represented his body and the cup of wine his blood. This meal was not just a one time event but something Jesus commanded his disciples to do often. We welcome Nick to this episode to discuss his in-depth studies on the symbolism involved and what it means for our lives.

Study aids

Bread & Wine Parallel Records Handout

Bread & Wine Summary Handout

Key verse

“And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.””
Luke 22:19

How did it begin?

Night before Jesus died, upper room Matt 26:26-30 (also recorded in Mark 14, and Luke 22)

Why the bread and wine?

Luke 22:19, 1 Cor 11:24,25 “Do this in remembrance of me” and 1 Cor. 11:26 “to proclaim the Lord’s death.”

Jesus was known for this (Luke 24:35)

The believers continued in this Acts 2:42, when and how often? Acts 20:7

What does it mean?

Bread in scripture is a symbol of food, and is seen as the fundamentals for life. As such it became a symbol of man’s labour to produce food.  Gen 3:19; John 6:26-27         

Christ took this bread, he broke it and said this my body which is given for you, this do in remembrance of me. He wanted the disciples to remember how he lived his life in giving himself for others.

Christ just demonstrated this literally as he washed their feet (still stuck in their minds John 13:15-17)

Symbol of body

Christ said “this is my body”

Represents a body of believers 1 Cor 10:16-17;  1 Cor 12 (beautiful analogy of a group of believers working together as one body) ends with v27

Taking of the bread we therefore examine ourselves (1 Cor. 11:28), how we are helping the body of Christ (1 Cor. 11:29)


Conclusion of self examination (1 Cor. 11:28) – we are all sinners

Thereby have fellowship as realizing the need to work together 1 Cor 10:16-17

Hell (Part 2) – The Unquenchable Fire

A discussion on hell would not be complete without talking about fire. Why are hell and fire connected? Josh and Tim continue the discussion from last week by talking about the word for hellfire Gehenna and why Jesus warned about this unquenchable fire.

Key Verse: “Do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in hell.” (Matthew 10:28 ESV)

Part 1 – Not Abandoned to Hades

  1. Introduction
    1. Popular ideas of hell fire
    2. Overview of the words for “hell” – Sheol, Hades and Gehenna
  2. Definition and Location
    1. Gehenna = Valley of Hinnom
    2. Bible Dictionary entries
  3. History in Old Testament
    1. Valley SW of Jerusalem (Josh. 15:8)
    2. Place where idolaters made their children pass through the fire (Ahaz 2 Chr. 28:3; Manasseh 2 Chron. 33:6). Defiled by King Josiah (2 Kings 23:10).
    3. Becomes symbolic of place of judgment (Jer. 7:31-32; Isa. 30:30,33)
  4. New Testament
    1. Mark 9:47 – Place of final judgement.
      1. Jesus quoting from Isa. 66:24, 15-16.
      2. Is this literal? Cutting off the hands/feet, worms living forever.
    2. Jude 7 – The unquenchable fire means nobody can put it out until it has completely destroyed (cp. Jer. 17:27; Mal. 4:1)
    3. Matt. 18:8 – The everlasting fire means the effects will be forever (cp. 2 Thess. 1:9; Mal. 4:1)
    4. Matt. 10:28 – Complete destruction
    5. Rev. 20:14 – The lake of fire
  5. Final conclusion