Hell (Part 2) – The Unquenchable Fire

A discussion on hell would not be complete without talking about fire. Why are hell and fire connected? Josh and Tim continue the discussion from last week by talking about the word for hellfire Gehenna and why Jesus warned about this unquenchable fire.

Key Verse: “Do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in hell.” (Matthew 10:28 ESV)

Part 1 – Not Abandoned to Hades

  1. Introduction
    1. Popular ideas of hell fire
    2. Overview of the words for “hell” – Sheol, Hades and Gehenna
  2. Definition and Location
    1. Gehenna = Valley of Hinnom
    2. Bible Dictionary entries
  3. History in Old Testament
    1. Valley SW of Jerusalem (Josh. 15:8)
    2. Place where idolaters made their children pass through the fire (Ahaz 2 Chr. 28:3; Manasseh 2 Chron. 33:6). Defiled by King Josiah (2 Kings 23:10).
    3. Becomes symbolic of place of judgment (Jer. 7:31-32; Isa. 30:30,33)
  4. New Testament
    1. Mark 9:47 – Place of final judgement.
      1. Jesus quoting from Isa. 66:24, 15-16.
      2. Is this literal? Cutting off the hands/feet, worms living forever.
    2. Jude 7 – The unquenchable fire means nobody can put it out until it has completely destroyed (cp. Jer. 17:27; Mal. 4:1)
    3. Matt. 18:8 – The everlasting fire means the effects will be forever (cp. 2 Thess. 1:9; Mal. 4:1)
    4. Matt. 10:28 – Complete destruction
    5. Rev. 20:14 – The lake of fire
  5. Final conclusion

Hell (Part 1) – Not Abandoned to Hades

In this episode Josh and Tim tackle the subject of hell. There are a lot of misconceptions about hell that a simple study like this will dispel. While it might not seem like a very positive subject, in the end, there is a message of hope that is very powerful.

Key Verse: “Therefore my heart was glad, and my tongue rejoiced; my flesh also will dwell in hope. For you will not abandon my soul to Hades, or let your Holy One see corruption.” Act 2:26-27 

Study Help: Every passage with Hell as Sheol or Hades

  1. Introduction
    1. Confusion over the word “hell”
    2. Reminder of past episodes that serve as a basis for this study
      1. We Shall Not All Sleep
      2. The Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus
      3. The Creation of ManFirst Natural, Then Spiritual
    3. Overview of the words for “hell” – Sheol, Hades and Gehenna
    4. To translate or transliterate?
  2. The OT Sheol
    1. A place for all the dead
      1. Gen. 37:35 – 1st occurrence. Jacob’s expectation to be there.
      2. Psa. 89:47-48 (NET) – Everybody dies, the power of Sheol
      3. 1 Sam. 2:6 – Hannah’s hope in the resurrection
    2. Descriptions of Sheol
      1. Psa. 6:5 (Isa. 38:18) – No praise of God
      2. Job 17:13-16 – place of darkness, corruption, worms and dust
      3. Ecc. 9:10 – No work or thought
      4. Isa. 14 / Ezek. 32 – Not to be taken literally
  3. Transition to the NT
    1. Acts 2:27,31 / Psa. 16:10 – The connection with Jesus
    2. Rev. 1:18 (cp. Zech. 9:11) – How Jesus overcame and has the keys to overcome the power of the grave
  4. Final conclusion

The Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus

Jesus’ parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus is a difficult one to understand. Jay Mayock and Tim Young delve into the background and meaning of the parable. Out of this study comes a deeper appreciation of how and why Jesus was condemning the Pharisees and Sadducees with such a story and what we are to practically learn from it.